Transportation Industry -  Conventional car rental companies and taxi services are finding it difficult to compete with peer-to-peer-car-sharing companies that, through private car owners, ensure fast, ready, and reliable delivery of transportation at curbside at airports and depots, and in urban and rural areas. Private car owners are exploiting the opportunity of amortizing their cars and making money, while offering the service-on-demand conventional car rental companies and taxi services cannot guarantee. 

Food Production – Enhanced seed development and vertical agricultural are taking advantage of opportunities for crop production by introducing advanced methods that minimize the use of water and fertilizers and increase yields of crops with longer shelf-life.

On-Line Education – On-line education makes the university classroom accessible to professionals without the time to attend brick-and-mortar classrooms, exploiting the opportunity of providing those professionals with the degree necessary for career advancement, without changing degree requirements and ensuring the same quality education delivered by professors in traditional classrooms. 

Tele-Medicine – It makes top medical talent accessible in geographic areas with deficient specialized training, exploiting the opportunity for hospitals and doctors to increase income and expand brand differentiation into regions previously out of reach. 

Air Cargo Industry – Railroads in the U.S. saw themselves as cargo carriers, while commercial aviation saw airplanes as conveyances for people who prefer to arrive at their destinations sooner and ready to go. FexEx showed it could deliver a package faster by air than the U.S. Postal Service, exploiting the opportunity of speed, dependability, and reliability



Mobile-phones & Communications Industry – The iPhone redefined Apple from computer manufacturer into to a global, communications and entertainment behemoth that disrupted the phone, computing, and music industries. No one in the mobile phone, communications or music industry saw the negative disruption coming. Companies are still catching up with the disruptions, risks, and opportunities Apple caused.

Automobile Industry - Style and Quality –  Until the entrance of Japanese auto manufacturers into the United States, Detroit’s automakers sold brand recognition and style over reliable quality. Japan’s automakers led Detroit to spend millions to deliver dependable quality across their fleets and reduced their market share. Few saw Japan as a disrupter of the USA’s auto industry. 

Energy Industry in the U.S. - New technologies in oil exploration turned the U.S. into a global disrupter of established oil and gas markets, leading Saudi Arabia into planning to wean itself from oil as its mainstay industry. 

Social Networks - Social Media disrupted traditional modes of communication, affecting elections, terms of trade, marketing, sales, consumers’ sentiment, product placement, and political and social outcomes. Few saw the introduction of Facebook, Twitter, and other media platforms as the global disrupters they are. 

Robots and Artificial Intelligence (AI) – From the assembly line to hotels’ bellmen to diagnostics and surgery, technology is displacing workers and creating retraining, employment, and social-services demands governments did not see coming and were unprepared to meet. Robots and AI are redefining surveillance, security, safety, and civilian and military collection, analysis, and dissemination of intelligence products.